Brazil contains about the 60% of the Amazon, the world’s largest tropical rainforest, covering about 6 million square kilometres. The Amazon River is the world’s largest river by volume and the the second longest in length and it forms the largest river basin in the world.
The Amazon Rainforest biodiversity contains several million species of insects, plants, birds, fish and other forms of life, many of them still unrecorded by science. The luxuriant vegetation includes many species of plants as rosewood, Brazil nut, and rubber tree. Major wildlife includes jaguar, manatee, Amazon river dolphin (Inia geoffrensis), tapir, capybara and many other types of rodents and monkeys. The birdlife is exuberant too with about 1,300 bird species including macaws, parrots, toucans, hummingbirds and many more spectacular birds such as the wonderful Guianan cock-of-the-rock (Rupicola rupicola).
Unfortunately the progressive deforestation of the rainforest don't stop and today over 20% of the original Amazon is gone. Fortunately many conservation projects help to reduce the problem, the ecotourism represent a way of forest conservation.